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Art & Culture

Bangladesh is a melting pot of races. She, therefore, has a mixed culture. Her deep rooted heritage is amply reflected in her architecture, literature, dance, drama, music and painting. Bangladeshi culture is influenced by three great religions- Hinduism, Buddhism and Islam in successive order, with Islam having the most pervading and lasting impact. Like a colorful montage, the cultural tradition of the country is a happy blending of many variants, unique in diversity but in essence greatly symmetrical.

Festivals:
A series of festivals varying from race to race are observed here. Some of the Muslim rites are Eid-e-Miladunnabi, Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Azha, Muharram etc. Hindus observe Durga Puja, Saraswati Puja, Kali Puja and many other pujas. Christmas ( popularly called Baradin in Bangla ) is observed by Christians. Also there are some common festivities, which are observed countrywide by people irrespective of races. Pahela Baishakh (the first day of Bangla year) is such a festival. National festivals are Independence Day (26th March), 21st February (the National Mourning Day and World Mother Language Day), The Victory Day (16th December), Rabindra & Nazrul Jayanti etc.

 

Rabindranath Tagore

Literature:
Bangalees have a rich literary heritage. The earliest available specimen of Bengali literature is about a thousand years old. During the mediaeval period. Bengali Literature developed considerably with the patronage of Muslim rulers. Chandi Das, Daulat Kazi and Alaol are some of the famous poets of the period. The era of modern Bengali Literature began in the late nineteenth century Rabindranath Tagore, the Nobel Laureate is a vital part of Bangalee culture. Kazi Nazrul Islam, Michael Madhusudan Datta. Sarat Chandra Chattopadhaya, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhaya, Mir Mosharraf Hossain and Kazi Ahdul Wadud are the pioneers of modern Bengali Literature.

 

Music:

The traditional music in Bangladesh shares the perspectives of that of the Indian sub-continent. Music in Bangladesh can be divided into three distinct categories -classical, folk and modern. The classical music, both vocal and instrumental is rooted in the remote past of the sub-continent. Ustad Alauddin Khan and Ustad Ayet Ali Khan are two names in classical instrumental music who are internationally known.

The store of folk song abounds in spiritual lyrics of Lalan Shah, Hasan Raja, Romesh Shill and many anonymous lyricists. Bangla music arena is enriched with Jari, Shari, Bhatiali, Murshidi and other types of folk songs. Rabindra Sangeet and Nazrul Sangeet are Bangalees' precious heritage. Modern music is also practiced widely. Contemporary patterns have more inclinations to west. Pop song and band groups are also coming up mainly in Dhaka City.

Musical Instruments

Bangladesh has a good number of musical instruments originally of her own. Originally country musical instruments include, Banshi (bamboo flute), Dhole (wooden drums), Ektara (a single stringed instrument), Dotara (a four stringed instrument), Mandira (a pair of metal bawls used as rhythm instrument), Khanjani, Sharinda etc. Now-a-days western instruments such as Guitar, Drums, Saxophone, Synthesizer etc. are being used alongside country instruments.

 

   
 

Zainul Abedin's painting called 'The Rebel Cow'

 

Painting:
There is a rich tradition of modern painting which was pioneered by Zainul Abedin, Kamrul Hassan, Anwarul Haque, Shafiuddin Ahmed and S. M. Sultan. Zainul Abedin earned international fame for his sketches on famine of 1943 in Bangladesh. Other famous artists of Bangladesh are Abdur Razzak, Qayyum Chowdhury, Murtaza Baseer, Aminul Islam, Debdas Chakraborty, Kazi Abdul Baset, Syed Jahangir, and Mohammad Kibria

 

 

Drama:
Drama in Bangladesh has an old tradition and is very popular. In Dhaka more than a dozen theater groups have been regularly staging locally written plays as well as those adopted from famous writers, mainly of European origin. Popular theatre groups are Dhaka Theatre, Nagarik Nattya Sampraday and Theatre. In Dhaka, Baily Road area is known as 'Natak Para' where drama shows are regularly held. Public Library Auditorium and Museum Auditorium are famous for holding cultural shows. Dhaka University area is a pivotal part of cultural activities.

 

Dance:

   
 

Folk Dance

 

Classical forms of the sub-continent predominate in Bangladeshi dance. The folk, tribal and Middle Eastern traits are also common. Among the tribal dances, particularly popular are Monipuri and Santal. Rural girls are in the habit of dancing that does not require any grammar or regulations. Bangla songs like jari and shari are presented accompanied with dance of both male and female performers.

 

Jatra:
Jatra(Folk Drama) is another vital chapter of Bangalee culture. It depicts mythological episodes of love and tragedy. Legendary plays of heroism are also popular, particularly in the rural areas. In near past jatra was the biggest entertainment means for the rural Bangalees and in that sense for 80% of the population since the same percentage of the population lived in rural Bangladesh. Now-a-days jatra has been placed in the back seat in the entertainment era. Gradually western culture is occupying the place of traditional culture like jatra.

Traditional Transportation Means:

Palki

There are some transportation means that are parts of culture of Bangladesh. In rural areas bullock carts, buffalo carts and tomtoms (horse carts) are commonly used. In old Dhaka once tomtom was a common vehicle and still it is found, though rare. Bicycles are used both in rural and urban areas. Palki (a box-like vehicle carried on shoulders by six men) is a wedding transportation means. Brides are carried to the bridegrooms' places by Palki. Being a land crisscrossed by rivers, Bangladesh has a wide-ranged tradition of ferry transport. Wooden boat popularly called nawka is a vital means of rural communication. Rickshaw is a very common vehicle to Bangladeshis.

Clothing:
Bangladeshi women habitually wear Sarees. Jamdani was once world famous for it's most artistic and expensive ornamental fabric. Moslin, a fine and artistic type of cloth was well-known worldwide. Naksi Kantha, embroidered quilted patchwork cloth produced by the village women, is still familiar in villages and towns simultaneously. A common hairstyle is Beni (twisted bun) that Bangalee women are fond of. Traditionally males wear Panjabis, Fatuas and Pajamas. Hindus wear Dhuty for religious purposes. Now-a-days common dresses of males are shirts and pants.

Government and non-government organizations like Bangla Academy, Nazrul Institute, Bangladesh Shilpakala Academy, Fine arts Institute, Chhayanat etc. play significant role to flourish Bangladeshi art and culture providing encouragement in music, drama, dance, recitation, art etc. Many other cultural organizations are also popularizing Bangladeshi art and culture.

 

 

 

Courtesy-Bangla2000

 
Bangladesh is a independent country located in South Asia . The capital is Dhaka . Bengali is the official language. Due to political exclusion, ethnic and linguistic discrimination, and economic neglect by the West Pakistan , grew agitation led to the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, which succeeded after Pakistan surrendered to Freedom Fighters of Bangladesh, and her ally an Indian Brigade in Dhaka .

Bangladesh is a parliamentary democracy country with an elected parliament called the Jatiyo Sangshad (National Assembly). It is the ninth most populous country and among the most densely populated countries in the world. The country straddles the fertile Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta and is subject to annual monsoon floods and cyclones.

Bangladesh is a founding member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), the D-8 and BIMSTEC, and a member of the Commonwealth of Nations , the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and the Non-Aligned Movement.

Official Name: The People's
Government: Parliamentary form of government. The President is head of the state, while the government is headed by the Prime Minister.

Geographical Location: Latitude between 20°34' and 26°38' North. Longitude between 88°01' and 92°41' East.

Area: 143,998 sq km (55,598 sq miles)

land: 130,168 sq km water: 13,830 sq km

Boundaries: North - India (West Bengal and Meghalaya)

West - India (West Bengal)

East - India (Tripura and Assam, Myanmar)

South - Bay of Bengal

Capital City: Dhaka

Other Major Cities: Chittagong, Rajshahi, Khulna, Sylhet, Barisal.

Division: 6 Nos.

City Corporation: 6 Nos.

Districts: 64 Nos.

Upzilla: 476 Nos.

Police Station: 574 nos.

Standard Time: GMT + 6 Hours

Climate Variations: Winter 11°C - 20°C (Dec-Feb), Summer 21°C - 34°C (April - June)

Average Rainfall: 203 CM

Humidity: Highest 99% (July), Lowest 36% (Dec & Jan)

Population: 164.4 million (2010)

Literacy Rate: 62.66%

Life expectancy : 67 years (men), 69 years (women)

Average Income: 1000 USD

Language: The national language is Bangla, which is spoken by 95%, 5% other dialects, English is widely spoken.

National Days: 21 February : International Mother Language Day and Language Martyrs Day

26 March : Independence Day

14 April : Bangla New Year's Day

01 May : May Day

07 November : National Solidarity Day

16 December : Victory Day

Principal Crops: Rice, Jute, Tea, Tobacco, Wheat, Sugarcane, etc.

Principal Rivers : Padma, Jamuna, Brahmaputra, Meghna, Karnaphuli, Shitalakhya, Teesta, Surma, etc.

Religion: Muslims 88.35 %, Hindus 10.5 %, Buddhists 0.6%, Christians 0.3% and others 0.3%

Principal Exports: Raw Jute and products, Tea, Leather and Leather goods, Garments, Frozen Shrimps, Ceramics, Vegetables, Software, Medicine, etc.

Principal Imports: Foods, Oil, Industrial Raw Materials, Machineries Parts, Chemical, etc.

Working Hours: The official working hours in Bangladesh is from 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM on Saturday to Wednesday and 9:00 AM to 1:00 PM on Thursday. Friday is a weekly holiday. Banks transact their business from 9:00 AM to 3:00 PM on Saturday to Wednesday and from 9:00 AM to 12:00 noon on Thursday.

Principal Industries: Jute, Garments, Tea, Fertilizer, Cement, Leather and Leather goods, Fishing, etc.

Currency: Taka having a denomination of 500, 100, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1.
Exchange Rate: US$ 1.00 = Tk. 70,

Monetary unit : 1 taka = 100 paisa

Best Tourist Season: October - March

Internet domain : .com.bd, .bd

International dialling code : +880       

People's Republic of Bangladesh
  • গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ
  • Gônoprojatontri Bangladesh
Flag Emblem

Anthem: 


Amar Shonar Bangla
My Golden Bangla

 

Bangladesh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (Bengali: গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ Gônoprojatontri Bangladesh) is a sovereign state located in South Asia. It is bordered by India and Myanmar and by the Bay of Bengal to the south. The capital (and largest city) is Dhaka, located in central Bangladesh. The official state language is Bengali. The name Bangladesh means "Country of Bengal" in the official Bengali language.
The borders of present-day Bangladesh were established with the
partition of Bengal during the reign and demise of the British India. Its map was chartered by Sir Cyril Radcliffe during the creation of Pakistan and India in 1947, when the region became East Pakistan, part of the newly formed nation of Pakistan. Due to political exclusion and economic exploitation by the politically dominant West Pakistan, popular agitation grew against West Pakistan and led to the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, after the Bangladeshi Declaration of Independence on 26 March 1971. With the direct and indirect help of India, 9 months of war come to an end on 16 December 1971 by the surrender of the Pakistan Army at Race Course, just after 10 days of direct action of the Indian Army. After independence, the new state endured an inept and corrupt administration, nationalising all aspects of life, that resulted in famines, poverty, widespread corruption, as well as political turmoil and unrest in the civil and military administration. The restoration of order in late 1975 brought back confidence and hope back into the lives of the citizens and the country.[citation needed] Since 1991 has been followed by relative calm and economic progress.

Bangladesh is a parliamentary democracy, with an elected parliament called the Jatiyo Sangshad. It is the ninth-most populous country and among the most densely populated countries in the world. Just like in the rest of South Asia the poverty rate prevails, although the United Nations has acclaimed Bangladesh for achieving tremendous progress in human development.[6][7] Geographically, the country straddles the fertile Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta and is subject to annual monsoon floods and cyclones.

The country is listed among the Next Eleven economies. It is a founding member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, the D-8 and BIMSTEC, and a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and the Non-Aligned Movement. However, Bangladesh continues to face a number of major challenges, including widespread political and bureaucratic corruption, widespread poverty, and an increasing danger of hydrologic shocks brought on by ecological vulnerability to climate change.[8][9]