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Bangladesh Overview

 

 

Official Name

The People's Republic Of Bangladesh

Capital

Dhaka (Area 414 sq. km. Master plan 777 sq.km.)

 

Currency

Currency unit is Taka. Notes are of 1,2,5,10,20,50,100 and 500 Taka. Coins are of 1,5,10,25,50 and 100 Poisha (100 Poisha = 1 Taka)

 

Language

Bangla is the state language. English is also widely spoken and understood. Arabic is read and spoken for religious purposes

 

Population

Total estimated population 130 million.

 

Religions

Muslim 88.3%, Hindu 10.5%, others 1.2%

 

Area

Total: 144,000 sq km
Land: 133,910 sq km
Water: 10,090 sq km

 

Location

Latitude from 20 degree 34' to 26 degree 38' north. Longitude from 88 degree 01' to 92 degree 41' east.

 

Boundary

Bounded by India from the north, east and west, Burma from the south-east and the Bay of Bengal from the south .

 

Climate

Tropical; cool, dry winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); cool, rainy monsoon (June to October)

 

Rainfall

Lowest 47" and highest 136"

 

National Days

National Martyrs Day ( February 21)

Independence Day ( March 26 )

Victory Day ( December 16)

 

Principal Rivers

Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Brahmaputra, Madhumati, Surma and Kushiara

 

Principal Crops

Rice, jute, tobacco, tea, sugarcane, vegetables, potato, pulses, etc.

 

Fruits

Mango, banana, pineapple, jack-fruit, water-melon, green coconut, guava, lichis, etc.

 

Major Industries

Jute, sugar, paper, textiles, fertilizers, cigarette, cement, steel, natural gas, oil-refinery, newsprint, power generation, rayon, matches, fishing and food processing, leather, soap, carpet, timber, ship-building, telephone, etc.

 

Airports

Zia International Airport, Dhaka,

Chittagong International Airport,

Sylhet International Airport

and domestic airports at Jessore, Sylhet, Cox's Bazar, Rajshahi and Saidpur

 

Sea Ports

Chittagong

Mongla

 

Tourist Interests

Longest sea beach, colorful tribal life, centuries' old archeological sites, the Sundarbans (home of the Royal Bengal Tigers and spotted deer), largest tea gardens, interesting riverine life, etc.

 

 

Courtesy/Content/Copy -Bangla2000

 

 
Bangladesh is a independent country located in South Asia . The capital is Dhaka . Bengali is the official language. Due to political exclusion, ethnic and linguistic discrimination, and economic neglect by the West Pakistan , grew agitation led to the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, which succeeded after Pakistan surrendered to Freedom Fighters of Bangladesh, and her ally an Indian Brigade in Dhaka .

Bangladesh is a parliamentary democracy country with an elected parliament called the Jatiyo Sangshad (National Assembly). It is the ninth most populous country and among the most densely populated countries in the world. The country straddles the fertile Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta and is subject to annual monsoon floods and cyclones.

Bangladesh is a founding member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), the D-8 and BIMSTEC, and a member of the Commonwealth of Nations , the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and the Non-Aligned Movement.

Official Name: The People's
Government: Parliamentary form of government. The President is head of the state, while the government is headed by the Prime Minister.

Geographical Location: Latitude between 20°34' and 26°38' North. Longitude between 88°01' and 92°41' East.

Area: 143,998 sq km (55,598 sq miles)

land: 130,168 sq km water: 13,830 sq km

Boundaries: North - India (West Bengal and Meghalaya)

West - India (West Bengal)

East - India (Tripura and Assam, Myanmar)

South - Bay of Bengal

Capital City: Dhaka

Other Major Cities: Chittagong, Rajshahi, Khulna, Sylhet, Barisal.

Division: 6 Nos.

City Corporation: 6 Nos.

Districts: 64 Nos.

Upzilla: 476 Nos.

Police Station: 574 nos.

Standard Time: GMT + 6 Hours

Climate Variations: Winter 11°C - 20°C (Dec-Feb), Summer 21°C - 34°C (April - June)

Average Rainfall: 203 CM

Humidity: Highest 99% (July), Lowest 36% (Dec & Jan)

Population: 164.4 million (2010)

Literacy Rate: 62.66%

Life expectancy : 67 years (men), 69 years (women)

Average Income: 1000 USD

Language: The national language is Bangla, which is spoken by 95%, 5% other dialects, English is widely spoken.

National Days: 21 February : International Mother Language Day and Language Martyrs Day

26 March : Independence Day

14 April : Bangla New Year's Day

01 May : May Day

07 November : National Solidarity Day

16 December : Victory Day

Principal Crops: Rice, Jute, Tea, Tobacco, Wheat, Sugarcane, etc.

Principal Rivers : Padma, Jamuna, Brahmaputra, Meghna, Karnaphuli, Shitalakhya, Teesta, Surma, etc.

Religion: Muslims 88.35 %, Hindus 10.5 %, Buddhists 0.6%, Christians 0.3% and others 0.3%

Principal Exports: Raw Jute and products, Tea, Leather and Leather goods, Garments, Frozen Shrimps, Ceramics, Vegetables, Software, Medicine, etc.

Principal Imports: Foods, Oil, Industrial Raw Materials, Machineries Parts, Chemical, etc.

Working Hours: The official working hours in Bangladesh is from 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM on Saturday to Wednesday and 9:00 AM to 1:00 PM on Thursday. Friday is a weekly holiday. Banks transact their business from 9:00 AM to 3:00 PM on Saturday to Wednesday and from 9:00 AM to 12:00 noon on Thursday.

Principal Industries: Jute, Garments, Tea, Fertilizer, Cement, Leather and Leather goods, Fishing, etc.

Currency: Taka having a denomination of 500, 100, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1.
Exchange Rate: US$ 1.00 = Tk. 70,

Monetary unit : 1 taka = 100 paisa

Best Tourist Season: October - March

Internet domain : .com.bd, .bd

International dialling code : +880       

People's Republic of Bangladesh
  • গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ
  • Gônoprojatontri Bangladesh
Flag Emblem

Anthem: 


Amar Shonar Bangla
My Golden Bangla

 

Bangladesh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (Bengali: গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ Gônoprojatontri Bangladesh) is a sovereign state located in South Asia. It is bordered by India and Myanmar and by the Bay of Bengal to the south. The capital (and largest city) is Dhaka, located in central Bangladesh. The official state language is Bengali. The name Bangladesh means "Country of Bengal" in the official Bengali language.
The borders of present-day Bangladesh were established with the
partition of Bengal during the reign and demise of the British India. Its map was chartered by Sir Cyril Radcliffe during the creation of Pakistan and India in 1947, when the region became East Pakistan, part of the newly formed nation of Pakistan. Due to political exclusion and economic exploitation by the politically dominant West Pakistan, popular agitation grew against West Pakistan and led to the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, after the Bangladeshi Declaration of Independence on 26 March 1971. With the direct and indirect help of India, 9 months of war come to an end on 16 December 1971 by the surrender of the Pakistan Army at Race Course, just after 10 days of direct action of the Indian Army. After independence, the new state endured an inept and corrupt administration, nationalising all aspects of life, that resulted in famines, poverty, widespread corruption, as well as political turmoil and unrest in the civil and military administration. The restoration of order in late 1975 brought back confidence and hope back into the lives of the citizens and the country.[citation needed] Since 1991 has been followed by relative calm and economic progress.

Bangladesh is a parliamentary democracy, with an elected parliament called the Jatiyo Sangshad. It is the ninth-most populous country and among the most densely populated countries in the world. Just like in the rest of South Asia the poverty rate prevails, although the United Nations has acclaimed Bangladesh for achieving tremendous progress in human development.[6][7] Geographically, the country straddles the fertile Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta and is subject to annual monsoon floods and cyclones.

The country is listed among the Next Eleven economies. It is a founding member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, the D-8 and BIMSTEC, and a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and the Non-Aligned Movement. However, Bangladesh continues to face a number of major challenges, including widespread political and bureaucratic corruption, widespread poverty, and an increasing danger of hydrologic shocks brought on by ecological vulnerability to climate change.[8][9]